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Some of the lifestyle modifications for high blood pressure prevention and management include:
High blood pressure medications work in various ways. They can affect the force of the heartbeat, the blood vessels, and the amount of fluid in the body. Some of the different types of medications prescribed to treat high blood pressure are:
High blood pressure can sometimes be traced to a cause such as an adrenal gland tumor, kidney disease, hormone abnormalities, birth control pills, or pregnancy. This is called secondary hypertension and can usually be cured if the cause disappears or is corrected.
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor—A drug used to decrease pressure inside blood vessels.
Artery—A blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body.
Beta blocker—A drug used to slow heart rate and reduce pressure inside blood vessels.
Calcium channel blocker—A drug used to relax blood vessels and the heart muscle.
Cardiovascular—The heart and blood vessels.
Congestive heart failure—A cardiovascular dis- ease that involves the heart muscle's diminished or loss of pumping ability, generally causes fluid that cannot be completely ejected from the heart to back up in the lungs.
Diastolic blood pressure—The lower number of a blood pressure measurement or the pressure when the heart is at rest.
Diuretic—A drug that eliminates excess fluid in the body.
Fat—One of the nutrients that supply calories to the body.
Hypertension—High blood pressure.
Hypertrophy—Enlargement of tissue or an organ.
Millimeter (mm)—A unit of measurement equal to one-thousandth of a meter.
Risk factors—Behaviors, traits, or conditions in a person that are associated with an increased chance (risk) of disease.
Sign—An objective observation of an illness.
Sphygmomanometer—A manual device used to measure blood pressure.
Symptom—Any indication of disease noticed or felt by a patient.
Systolic blood pressure—The higher number of a blood pressure measurement or the pressure when the heart is contracting.
Author Info: Deborah Eileen Parker R.N., The Gale Group Inc., Gale, Detroit, Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, 2002
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