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Generic Name: hydroxocobalamin

Vitamin B12 helps the growth of healthy blood cells, nerve cells, and proteins in the body
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What is this medicine?

HYDROXOCOBALAMIN (hye drox oh koe BAL a min) is a form of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 helps the growth of healthy blood cells, nerve cells, and proteins in the body. It also helps with the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. This medicine is used to treat people with low levels of vitamin B12 or those who can not absorb vitamin B12. It also helps with the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It is also used as an antidote to treat cyanide poisoning.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
  • high blood pressure
  • iron-deficiency anemia
  • kidney disease
  • low levels of folic acid in the blood
  • megaloblastic anemia
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to hydroxocobalamin, cyanocobalamin, cobalt, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is for injection into a muscle or a vein. It is given by a health care professional in a clinic, doctor's office, or hospital.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What if I miss a dose?

It is important not to miss your dose. Call your doctor or health care professional if you are unable to keep an appointment.

What may interact with this medicine?

  • chemotherapy
  • chloramphenicol

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional regularly. You may need blood work done while you are taking this medicine.

You may need to follow a special diet. Talk to your doctor. Limit your alcohol intake and avoid smoking to get the best benefit.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • breathing problems
  • chest tightness, pain
  • dizziness
  • shaking or shivering

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • nausea, vomiting
  • pain at site where injected
  • red colored urine
  • red tint to skin

Where should I keep my medicine?

This drug is given in a hospital or clinic and will not be stored at home.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.


All visitors to AARP.org should seek expert medical care and consult their own physicians for any specific health issues. Read this disclaimer in its entirety.
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Note: This information is not intended to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions, or adverse effects for this drug. If you have question about the drug(s) you are taking, check with your health care professional.
 
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