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A breast self-exam is a screening technique you can do at home to check for breast lumps. A breast self-exam can help screen for:
A breast self-exam was once thought to be a good screen for breast cancer. Now, a self-exam is considered to be less effective than other techniques, such as regular mammograms. This has led groups such as the American Cancer Society to deem breast self-exams optional.
However, breast self-exams help you familiarize yourself with the shape, size, and texture of your breasts. This is important because it can help you determine if what you are feeling is normal or abnormal. Any time you feel an abnormality in your breast, tell your doctor.
The best time to do a breast self-exam is a few days after your monthly menstrual cycle ends. Hormonal changes can affect the size and feel of your breasts, so it is best to perform the exam when your breasts are in their normal state.
Women who do not menstruate should choose a certain day to perform the exam, such as the first of each month.
You should also keep a journal of your self-exams. This will help you track and record any changes you have noticed in your breasts.
Check for these signs with your hands at your sides. Then, with your arms over your head, and again when lifting one breast at a time.
There is no medical risk involved in a breast self-exam. Finding a lump in your breast can be alarming, but a majority of breast lumps aren’t cancerous. They are typically caused by other, benign conditions.
Breast self-exams have also been associated with an increase in unnecessary breast biopsies, procedures that involve the surgical removal of breast tissue. Because most abnormalities in breast tissue are noncancerous, the extra surgical procedures put women at risk for rare complications, such as bleeding and infection.
If you find a lump or abnormality, don’t panic. Remember that the vast majority of breast abnormalities turn out to be benign, or noncancerous.
Besides cancer, breast lumps can be caused by:
This doesn’t mean that you should ignore a lump or abnormality. If you find a lump, make an appointment with your doctor to have your breast professionally examined.
Written by: Brian Krans
Medically reviewed on: Feb 29, 2016: Debra Sullivan, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE, COI
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