HEALTH ENCYCLOPEDIA

Diseases & Conditions A - Z
powered by Talix

Gout Risk Factors

A wide variety of factors can increase your risk of gout.

Age/Gender

Men are more likely than women to have symptoms of gout, and most are diagnosed between 40 and 50 years old. In women, the disease is most prevalent after menopause. Gout is rare in children and young adults.

Family history

People with blood relatives who have gout are more likely to be diagnosed themselves.

Medications

There are several medications that can increase the risk of gout. These include:

  • daily low-dose aspirin, commonly used to prevent heart attack and stroke
  • thiazide diuretics, used to treat high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and other conditions
  • anti-rejection drugs such as cyclosporine, taken after organ transplants and for some rheumatologic conditions
  • levodopa, used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • niacin, used to increase high density lipoproteins (HDL) in blood

Diet

A high dietary intake of purines is associated with gout. Purines are found in the following foods:

  • red meat
  • organ meats like kidneys, liver, and sweetbreads
  • oily fish like sardines
  • anchovies, and herring
  • certain vegetables including asparagus and cauliflower
  • beans
  • mushrooms

Alcohol Consumption

Moderate to heavy drinking—more than two drinks per day for men or one per day for women—increases the risk of gout. Beer has been especially linked to gout attacks.

Lead Exposure

Exposure to high levels of lead is also associated with gout.

Other Health Conditions

People who suffer from the following disease and conditions are more likely to have gout.

  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes
  • high cholesterol
  • hypothyroidism
  • psoriasis
  • hemolytic anemia
  • kidney disease

Content licensed from:

Written by: the Healthline Editorial Team
Medically reviewed : Jennifer Monti, MD, MPH

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to replace the care and information received from your health care provider. Please consult a health care professional with any health concerns you may have.
health
TOOLS
Symptom Search
Enter your symptoms in our Symptom Checker to find out possible causes of your symptoms. Go.
Drug Interaction Checker
Enter any list of prescription drugs and see how they interact with each other and with other substances. Go.
Pill Identifier
Enter its color and shape information, and this tool helps you identify it. Go.
Drugs A-Z
Find information on drug interactions, side effects, and more. Go.
Advertisement

 

 

Advertisement