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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises certain individuals not to get specific vaccines or to wait before getting vaccinated. This is because different vaccines have different components, and each vaccine can affect you differently. Your age, varied health conditions, and other factors all combine to determine if you should get each vaccine. The CDC has prepared a detailed list of each vaccine that specifies who should not get it and who should wait. Certain individuals with a compromised immune system are typically advised to wait. People who have experienced allergic reactions to a particular vaccine are generally told to avoid follow-up doses.
Below are guidelines for those who shouldn’t get some of the more common vaccines.
You should not get vaccinated for influenza if you:
People with a history of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) should discuss the risks of the flu vaccine with their doctor.
Those who shouldn’t get the live influenza vaccine (LAIV) or the nasal spray flu vaccine include:
Hepatitis A (HepA) is a virus that causes liver disease. It’s primarily spread through consuming food or water that has been contaminated by human feces, but it can also be spread through close contact. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine HepA vaccinations for all adults if they didn’t receive the vaccination during childhood. It also emphasizes the importance of receiving the vaccine for individuals traveling to high-risk areas. These areas include:
However, there are certain people who should not get this vaccine. Risk factors include:
People who are sick are generally advised to wait for the vaccination. Pregnant women may also be advised to wait for the vaccination. However, the risk to the fetus is low. If a pregnant woman is at high risk for HepA, vaccination may still be recommended.
Hepatitis B (HepB) is another virus that can cause liver disease. It can spread from infected blood or body fluids, as well as from a mother to her newborn child. People with chronic HepB infection are at increased risk of end-stage liver disease (cirrhosis), as well as liver cancer. Routine vaccination is recommended. However, certain individuals should not receive the HepB vaccine. Risk factors include:
People who have been vaccinated against HepB should wait at least 28 days before giving blood. The vaccine can cause false positive results on blood screening tests.
Most HPV infections go away without the need for treatment. However, the HPV vaccine can help prevent cervical cancer in women if it’s administered before they become sexual active. It can also help prevent other HPV-related diseases including:
The CDC advises the following people to avoid the HPV vaccine:
The Tdap vaccine protects against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis. The Td vaccine protects against tetanus and diphtheria. Widespread vaccination has greatly decreased the serious consequences of these diseases.
Routine vaccines are recommended. However, there are certain people who should not get these vaccines, including:
Other concerns to discuss with your doctor before getting the Tdap vaccine include:
Requirements vary for each vaccine. You may be able to get one of the vaccine options, but not another.
Shingles is caused by reactivation of the chickenpox virus (varicella-zoster virus). This virus is a member of the herpes virus family, but it’s not the same virus that causes cold sores or genital herpes. Shingles is more common in people over 50. It’s also seen in individuals who have a weakened immune system.
Adults over the age of 60 are recommended to get one dose of the shingles vaccine for protection. However, certain people should not receive this vaccine. Avoid the shingles vaccine if you:
Certain groups are more likely to have a weakened immune system. This includes individuals who:
These individuals should not get the shingles vaccine.
Meningococcal disease is a bacterial illness. It can affect people of all ages. However, it’s most common in:
Meningococcal vaccination is recommended in young adulthood. There are two types of vaccine offered in the United States. MCV4 is the newer meningococcal conjugate vaccine. MPSV4 is the older meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine.
Individuals who shouldn’t receive the meningococcal vaccine include:
Meningococcal vaccines can be administered to pregnant women. However, MPSV4 is preferred. The MCV4 vaccine has not been studied as much in pregnant women.
Children with sickle cell disease should get this vaccine at a different time from their other vaccines, as should children with damage to their spleens.
Written by: Amy Boulanger
Medically reviewed on: Jun 06, 2016: University of Illinois-Chicago, College of Medicine
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