HEALTH ENCYCLOPEDIA

Diseases & Conditions A - Z
powered by Talix

The Polio Vaccine

Polio Vaccination

Polio is a serious viral disease. It used to kill or paralyze thousands of people each year. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a 1916 epidemic claimed 6,000 lives and paralyzed 27,000 people.

Widespread vaccination changed that. Today, the United States is free from polio. There have been no reported cases for several decades. However, vaccination is still important. Polio still exists in other parts of the world. Without vaccination, infections could easily return.  

Getting Vaccinated

The only recommended polio vaccine is the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).

Children

All children should be vaccinated against polio. IPV is given in four doses, as follows:

  • first dose:  2 months old
  • second dose:  4 months old
  • third dose:  between 6 and 18 months
  • fourth dose:  between 4 and 6 years old

Some children may get a fifth dose as part of a combined vaccine.

Adults

Most adults don’t need polio vaccinations since they were probably vaccinated as children. However, certain people are at higher risk of infection, including:

  • people traveling to areas where polio is still common
  • lab workers who might be exposed to polio
  • healthcare workers who might treat polio patients

These adults should be vaccinated. The amount of vaccine an adult will need varies. People who were fully vaccinated as children only need a booster. People who only got one or two shots should get any remaining doses. People who weren’t vaccinated should get all three shots.

Adults who need vaccination should ask their doctors for more information.

Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?

Certain people should not get the IPV vaccine, including:

  • anyone allergic to vaccine components including the antibiotics neomycin, polymyxin, or streptomycin
  • people who have previously had a bad reaction to IPV
  • anyone who is currently moderately to severely ill

Potential Side Effects

Severe side effects from IPV are extremely rare. However, some people experience soreness at the injection site.


Content licensed from:

Written by: Amy Boulanger
Published on: Nov 18, 2014on: Nov 18, 2014

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to replace the care and information received from your health care provider. Please consult a health care professional with any health concerns you may have.
health
TOOLS
Symptom Search
Enter your symptoms in our Symptom Checker to find out possible causes of your symptoms. Go.
Drug Interaction Checker
Enter any list of prescription drugs and see how they interact with each other and with other substances. Go.
Pill Identifier
Enter its color and shape information, and this tool helps you identify it. Go.
Drugs A-Z
Find information on drug interactions, side effects, and more. Go.
Advertisement

 

 

Discounts & Benefits

From companies that meet the high standards of service and quality set by AARP.

Member Benefits AT&T Wireless Cell Phone

Members save 10% on the monthly service charge of qualified AT&T wireless plans.

Member Benefit AARP Regal 2

Members pay $9.50 for Regal ePremiere Tickets purchased online.

Walgreens 1 discount membership aarp

Members earn points on select Walgreens-brand health and wellness products.

Member Benefits

Join or renew today! Members receive exclusive member benefits & affect social change.

Advertisement