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Getting your kids ready to start the school year involves more than finding the perfect backpack, buying school supplies, and shopping for new clothes. It means safeguarding their health so they'll be physically ready for the challenges of heading back to school. Consider these tips for a healthy start for your child's new school year.
According to Mayo Clinic, the most effective way to avoid spreading or catching germs is to encourage hand washing. To make sure kids have spent enough time on this healthful task, ask them to sing the alphabet song or "Happy Birthday to You" from start to finish as they wash the fronts and backs of their hands and in between fingers. Simple soap and water is best, but hand sanitizers will do when those aren't available. Remind your children to always cough or sneeze into the crooks of their elbows or into their sleeves.
Make sure your child's immunizations are up to date. According to the CDC, every state requires certain vaccinations at different grade levels for children attending public school. Some schools will not allow students to attend without verification of these immunizations. Flu vaccines are also recommended for all school-age children, unless the child has an allergy to the vaccine or a health problem that will cause complications from the vaccine.
An annual physical exam will ensure your child is healthy and virus-free before going back to class. In many school districts, a physical is required for those students who want to participate in school sports such as football. Some states require a vision exam for students entering kindergarten.
At least a week before classes start, shift your kids from summer carefree sleep hours to bedtime schedules more in line with the school year. It's time they cut back on playing computer games and watching television. Help your child with this transition by encouraging reading or playing quiet games an hour before going to bed.
Childhood obesity continues to rise and with it a greater health risk to those affected. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), you can buck this trend, providing healthy meal options for your kids. This includes breakfast. Students who eat breakfast versus those who don't are more alert during class. Plus, the right foods combined with adequate rest will help their bodies fight off infections.
Notice any excessive head scratching? Stress the importance to your child of not sharing combs, hats, and clothes, and send your child's pillow on a sleepover. Do a visual head check at least once a week, particularly for younger children. This time of year, it's a good idea also to do a body check looking for ticks.
A new school year coincides with a new allergy season. Children who suffer from allergies get a triple whammy in school where dust mites, mold, and other allergens may flourish in the classroom. For some kids, it means a runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and watery eyes. For others, these allergens can trigger asthma or lead indirectly to sinus infections. Also, eating in the cafeteria can present a number of problems for those suffering with food allergies. Discuss any allergy concerns with your child's school nurse as soon as possible at the start of the school year.
Written by: Sara Askew Jones
Medically reviewed on: Sep 04, 2014: George Krucik, MD, MBA
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