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Skin normally stretches and returns to its normal position if it’s well hydrated and healthy. Hyperelastic skin stretches beyond its normal limit. Although this usually isn’t a cause for concern, hyperelastic skin can be a symptom of many diseases and conditions. If you have symptoms of hyperelastic skin, talk to your doctor.
A substance called collagen controls the elasticity of skin. Collagen is a form of protein that makes up a majority of tissues in the body. Hyperelasticity occurs when there’s an overproduction of collagen.
This condition is most commonly seen in people with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. This syndrome covers a group of disorders that affect connective tissues within the body. The condition is caused by a gene mutation, and people with it have excessive stretching of their skin and joints.
Other common diseases and syndromes that cause hyperelastic skin are:
If you or your child has abnormally stretchy skin or extremely delicate skin, make an appointment to see your doctor. After examining your skin, your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a specialist in skin care and diseases that affect the skin.
Notify your doctor if:
If your skin stretches more than normal, consult your doctor for a diagnosis. After performing a physical exam, your doctor will ask you questions regarding your symptoms. Make sure to inform them:
Make sure to note any other symptoms you have in addition to stretchy skin.
There is no single test used to diagnose hyperelastic skin other than a physical exam. However, symptoms in addition to stretchy skin may help your doctor determine the cause. Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may perform additional tests.
Hyperelastic skin can’t be treated. However, the underlying condition causing it may be treatable. For example, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is typically treated with a combination of physical therapy and prescription medication, and sometimes with surgery. If you’re diagnosed with subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma, you may be treated using topical steroids, radiation, and chemotherapy. Successful treatment of the condition may lessen symptoms of hyperelastic skin.
Since hyperelastic skin damages more easily, take these steps to prevent future skin injuries:
Written by: April Kahn
Medically reviewed on: Oct 21, 2016: Debra Sullivan, PhD, MSN, CNE, COI
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