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As a parent, you want to do whatever you can to protect your child and keep them safe and healthy. Vaccines are an important way to do that.
For newborns, breast milk can help protect against many diseases. It contains antibodies passed from the mother. However, this immunity wears off within a year, and many children aren’t breastfed to begin with. In both cases, vaccines can help protect babies and small children from disease. They can also help prevent the spread of disease to older children and adults.
Vaccines imitate infection of a certain disease in your body. This prompts your immune system to develop weapons called antibodies. These antibodies fight the disease that the vaccine is meant to prevent. With them in place, your body can defeat any future infection with the disease.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) decides which vaccines should be given to people in the United States. They recommend that several vaccines be given during childhood. Read on to learn more about their recommendations.
Vaccinations are not all given right after a baby is born. Each is given on a different timeline. They’re mostly spaced throughout the first 24 months of a child’s life, and many are given in several stages or doses. Don’t worry, though — you don’t have to remember the vaccination schedule all by yourself. Your child’s doctor will guide you through the process.
An outline of the recommended vaccination timeline is shown here. For a description of each vaccine, see the following section.
|Birth||2 months||4 months||6 months||1 year||15–18 months||4–6 years|
|HepB||1st dose||2nd dose (age 1–2 months)||—||3rd dose (age 6–18 months)||—||—||—|
|RV||—||1st dose||2nd dose||3rd dose (in some cases)||—||—||—|
|DTaP||—||1st dose||2nd dose||3rd dose||—||4th dose||5th dose|
|Hib||—||1st dose||2nd dose||3rd dose (in some cases)||Booster dose (age 12–15 months)||—||—|
|PCV||—||1st dose||2nd dose||3rd dose||4th dose (age 12–15 months)||—||—|
|IPV||—||1st dose||2nd dose||3rd dose (age 6–18 months)||—||—||4th dose|
|Influenza||—||—||—||Yearly vaccination (seasonally as appropriate)||Yearly vaccination (seasonally as appropriate)||Yearly vaccination (seasonally as appropriate)||Yearly vaccination (seasonally as appropriate)|
|MMR||—||—||—||—||1st dose (age 12–15 months)||—||2nd dose|
|Varicella||—||—||—||—||1st dose (age 12–15 months)||—||2nd dose|
|HepA||—||—||—||—||2 dose series (age 12–24 months)||—||—|
This table is a basic outline of the CDC’s recommended vaccination schedule. For more details, visit the CDC website or talk to your child’s doctor.
Here are the essentials to know about each of these vaccines.
Vaccines are an important part of keeping your child safe and healthy. If you have questions about vaccines, be sure to ask your child’s doctor. Your questions might include:
Written by: Amy Boulanger and the Healthline Editorial Team
Medically reviewed on: Feb 06, 2017: Philip Gregory, PharmD, MS, FACN
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